How to Adjust Rifle Scope Windage Elevation

If you want to use a rifle, then the first and foremost thing you need to know is hitting your target at the right spot. The modern rifle has an average range of 100-200 yards. The moment bullet is fired it bends its way while on its journey towards the target. It happens mostly due to wind condition as it travels quite a distance from the rifle to the target. So when you lock through your scope of your rifle, you need to make few adjustments in the scope. This adjustment comes as features attached to your muzzleloader scope.  And this feature is called windage and elevation adjustment.

Adjusting the windage and elevation is the first step for using your rifle. It’s the primary or key step of adjustment before target practicing through your muzzleloader scope. This adjusting process helps you get the clean and accurate shots. You can quickly determine the right spot of your target with these few steps of adjustment in your rifle scope. Even if your target is surrounded by an obstacle that blocks your sight, this slight adjustment features windage and elevation will show your way out.

Identifying The Windage and Elevation

First look through your scope you will see your target point. The target point is basically the rector tube which adjusted with two screws inside the central tube of your scope. Two knobs control these two screws in scope. The one at the top is for elevation, and the one at the side of your scope is for windage. The rotate the elevation knob the target point through your will move up or down, and if you switch the windage knob, the target point will move left or right. Now you know the basics to bring a change. But you need to know when it is required in order to adjust the windage and elevation according to your requirement.

The Technical Features of Windage and Elevation

If you are a first timer for shooting practice with a target sheet, follow the steps. First, shoot two or three times at target sheet that might be at 200 yards distance. You will see that gap between your shoots and the target point.  These differences are converted to minute-of-angle (MOA) in relation to the length. You need to make impact point exact to the desired target point. Now it is the time for you to make the adjustments.

Look at your target sheet to identify the proper distance from target point as it moved up/down and left/right.  Put your rifle at a resting first to measure the gaps. This adjusting is referred to Zoro-ing your target point, or you can say adjusting the mechanical zero to the actual zero.

There are two ways to make this adjustment.

The First way

Look through your scope you will see the measurements in hash bars. Rotate the elevation screw clockwise or counterclockwise; you will hear the clicks. Each click will move the target one hash bar up or down. Thus you will adjust the elevation in your scope. In the same procedure by rotating the windage screw, you will move the target point left or right.

The Second Way

Remove the cap from the elevation a windage screws. Inside you will see the rotation signs for moving it clockwise and counterclockwise. It’s a very easy where you can change by seeing the signs. The clicks will also help here to determine each moving measurements.

The Measurements for Adjustment

To make the adjustment, now you need to know about each of the hash bar measurement or clicks in this situation. For the first time adjust to follow the second way to make the adjustments.

Each click of the alteration changes shot effect at 100 yards by the amount showed on the windage and elevation adjustments. The adjustments are aligned in minutes of angle. One moment of the point is near to 1 inch at 100 yards. To compute the click value at distances other than 100 yards, use the following processes: separate the length  (number of yards) by 100.

Then multiply this number by the click value stated on the windage and elevation adjustments. This will tell you the actual click value of the scope at that distance. For example, your range is 200 yards. Divide 200 by 100, and that equals two. Multiply the quarter by a minute indicated on the adjustments by 2 and the adjustment at 200 yards is half an inch per click. For 400 yards, you would multiply quarter by 4, and that would give 1 inch per click and so on. After doing this, please put elevation and windage caps back at their place.

This measurement differs in different scopes. In some scopes quarter of a minute is one click and in some are half a minute, and some are a full minute. Now go out with your rifle scope and adjust your elevation and windage.


About the author

I have a deep respect for the nature and the environment. We therefore take the sport of hunting very seriously. I am writing from my experience and provide guides on how to hunt effectively, answer reader questions, and reviews of the latest hunting gear.


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